Muscle pain, also known as myalgia, is pain that occurs in the muscles. It can be caused by a variety of factors, such as overuse, injury, or strain. Some common causes of muscle pain include:
- Exercise or physical activity: Overuse of the muscles during exercise or physical activity can lead to muscle pain, particularly if the muscles are not properly warmed up or stretched before use.
- Stress: Stress can cause muscle tension, leading to pain and discomfort.
- Injury: Injury to the muscles, such as a sprain or strain, can cause pain.
- Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as fibromyalgia and polymyositis, can cause muscle pain.
Treatment for muscle pain will depend on the underlying cause, but may include:
- Rest and ice: Resting the affected muscle and applying ice to the area can help to reduce pain and inflammation.
- Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen and paracetamol, can be used to reduce pain and inflammation.
- Physiotherapy: Physiotherapy can include exercises to improve strength, flexibility, and balance. The assessment carried out by a physiotherapist will provide clarity around the source of the issue and build a management plan around this diagnosis.
- Massage or other forms of manual therapy: Massage and other forms of manual therapy can help to relax tight muscles, improve blood flow and reduce pain.